Organization must be able to monitor that devices, data systems and networks are maintained in accordance with the defined configurations (including security features) both during the implementation phase and throughout their entire life cycle.
For this, the organization has defined standard templates for secure configurations of devices, data systems and networks. When specifying standard templates, the following are taken into account:
Standard templates should be checked regularly and updated when significant new threats or vulnerabilities need to be responded to or new software or hardware versions are released.
The following points should be taken into account when defining standard templates:
The organization utilizes the principle of least functionality in deploying and configuring systems. Systems must not have rights to anything that is not needed to accomplish what they are intended for.
Access to the organisation's systems is granted and managed according to principle of least privilege. No further access will be granted to the user when necessary.
The permissions will be checked and the need will also be reduced if the user has the rights user needed to perform the tasks but no longer needs them.
Portable storage devices may include e.g. optical disks, DVDs/Blurays, flash cards, USB sticks / thumb drives, SSDs and other external hard drives.
Portable storage devices and physical media that do not allow encryption of data should not be used unless it is unavoidable.
Any use of unencrypted storage media and devices should be clearly documented.
All endpoint devices in the organization should be protected by a properly configured software firewall that monitors traffic, accepts compliant traffic, and monitors users.
A firewall protects against malware and attacks that come from inside or outside your organization's network.
Endpoint security management system can be used to demand the desired security criteria from the devices before they are allowed to connect to the network resources. Devices can be laptops, smartphones, tablets or industry-specific hardware.
Criteria for the use of network resources may include e.g. approved operating system, VPN and antivirus systems, and the timeliness of these updates.