The development of system logs must keep pace with the development of the system and enable, for example, the necessary resolution of incidents. In connection with the data system list, we describe for which systems we are responsible for the implementation of the logging. For these systems, we document:
The organization must be aware of the logs that accrue from the use of different data systems, whether generating the logs is the responsibility of the organization or the system provider. Logs record user actions as well as anomalies, errors, and security incidents.
The adequacy of log should be reviewed regularly. If necessary, log should be usable to determine the root causes for system incidents.
Often, security tools provide a way to set alert policies when something potentially dangerous happens in an organization's environment. For example, Microsoft 365 has built-in alert policies to alert you to abuse of administrator privileges, malware, potential internal and external risks, and data security risks.
The organization must identify security-related events in data systems and the environments in which they operate. To respond to changes related to these events, alarm policies must be created.
Alarm policies need to be actively monitored and modified based on experience.
Security systems (e.g. firewall, malware protection) often have the ability to record a log of events. At regular intervals, make sure that a comprehensive log is accumulated and try to identify suspicious activity. The log is also useful in investigating disturbances or violations.
An appropriate log is generated from the use of the network to enable the detection of actions relevant to cyber security.
The normal state of network traffic (traffic volumes, protocols, and connections) is known. In order to detect anomalies, there is a procedure for detecting events that are different from the normal state of network traffic (for example, anomalous connections or their attempts).
By monitoring the amount of information shared in cloud services, efforts can be made to identify risks that could lead to unauthorized disclosure of information. With respect to files one may e.g. monitor:
System logs often contain a wealth of information, much of which is irrelevant to security monitoring. In order to identify events relevant to security monitoring, consideration should be given to automatically copying appropriate message types to another log or to using appropriate utilities or audit tools to review and resolve files.