The organization must be aware of the logs that accrue from the use of different data systems, whether generating the logs is the responsibility of the organization or the system provider. Logs record user actions as well as anomalies, errors, and security incidents.
The adequacy of log should be reviewed regularly. If necessary, log should be usable to determine the root causes for system incidents.
Often, security tools provide a way to set alert policies when something potentially dangerous happens in an organization's environment. For example, Microsoft 365 has built-in alert policies to alert you to abuse of administrator privileges, malware, potential internal and external risks, and data security risks.
The organization must identify security-related events in data systems and the environments in which they operate. To respond to changes related to these events, alarm policies must be created.
Alarm policies need to be actively monitored and modified based on experience.
Security systems (e.g. firewall, malware protection) often have the ability to record a log of events. At regular intervals, make sure that a comprehensive log is accumulated and try to identify suspicious activity. The log is also useful in investigating disturbances or violations.